A HISTORY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS IN PICTURES: PRIMARY SOURCES

Researched by

Terri Mae Owens

Charleston, South Carolina

Camp Lincoln

“African American man, full-length portrait, standing in front of tent, facing front, wearing militaryuniform, holding rifle.”

Library of Congress

[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 16, 803rd Pioneer Infantry band

“803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 16, 803rd Pioneer Infantry band. Photograph shows African American band members on the U.S.S. Philippine, during voyage to the United States from Brest, France, 1919.”

Library of Congress

24th Infantry Leaving Salt Lake City, Utah for Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 24th, 1898

“24th Infantry Leaving Salt Lake City, Utah for Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 24th, 1898.  African American soldiers marching down main street, while pedestrians look on.”

Library of Congress

[Spanish American War, Infantry, holding Krag rifle with fixed bayonette, cartridge belt]

“Spanish American War, Infantry, holding Krag rifle with fixed bayonette, cartridge belt] / Electro Photo Co., 909 Franklin Street, Tampa, Fla. Photograph shows a full-length portrait of an African American soldier in uniform, standing with weapon.”

Library of Congress

[World War I soldier, half-length portrait, seated, facing front, with two hats on table]

“World War I soldier, half-length portrait, seated, facing front, with two hats on table.  between 1917 and 1920.”

Library of Congress

2nd Lt. Frank R. Newland [i.e. Steward], 8th US VI

“Photograph shows Frank R. Steward, head-and-shoulders portrait, wearing hat and uniform with United States Volunteer Infantry and crossed rifle insignia, facing front, during the Spanish-American War. (Re-identified as Frank Stewart by R. Cunningham, 2002. Re-identified with spelling “Steward” by G. Murphy, 2011, citing Colored American Magazine, 2:3 [1901], 199 and 203).  2nd Lt. Frank R. Newland [i.e. Steward], 8th US VI .”

Library of Congress

[Sojourner Truth, three-quarter length portrait, standing, wearing spectacles, shawl, and peaked cap, right hand resting on cane]

“Sojourner Truth, three-quarter length portrait, standing, wearing spectacles, shawl, and peaked cap, right hand resting on cane.”

Library of Congress

Sojourner Truth

“Photograph shows Sojourner Truth in a three-quarter-length portrait. She is sitting at table with knitting and a book.”

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Sojourner Truth

“Sojourner Truth”

Library of Congress

A. Lincoln showing Sojourner Truth the Bible presented by colored people of Baltimore, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., Oct. 29, 1864

“A. Lincoln showing Sojourner Truth the Bible presented by colored people of Baltimore, Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., Oct. 29, 1864.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro mother and children at Sojourner Truth homes

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro mother and children at Sojourner Truth homes.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro mother and child at Sojourner Truth homes

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro mother and child at Sojourner Truth homes”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Back view of typical newspaper photographer

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Back view of typical newspaper photographer.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard troops with bared bayonets preventing cars from entering

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard troops with bared bayonets preventing cars from entering.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Furniture vans under police convoy

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Furniture vans under police convoy.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro family at the Sojourner Truth homes

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro family at the Sojourner Truth homes”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro family at Sojourner Truth homes

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro family at Sojourner Truth homes.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White picket line

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White picket line.”

Library of Congress

Eliminate crime in the slums through housing

“Poster promoting planned housing as a method to deter crime in the slums, showing stylized man holding a gun against a backdrop of tenement buildings.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.Sn federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Sign with American flag

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.Sn federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Sign with American flag “We want white tenants in our white community,” directly opposite the housing project.”

Library of Congress

Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white

“Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white.”

Library of Congress

[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white]

“Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white.”

Library of Congress

[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white]

“Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white.”

Library of Congress

[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white]

“Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white”

Library of Congress

[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white]

“Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white.”

Library of Congress

[Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white]

“Untitled photo, possibly related to: Children in slum area, Washington, D.C. Children in their backyard in a slum area near the Capitol. This area inhabited by both black and white.”

Library of Congress

Capital slums to go under new low rent housing program. Washington, D.C., Nov. 30. Now that President Roosevelt has approved the $15,000,000 low rent housing program for the District of Columbia, such slum scenes as this will disappear from the 'city beautiful.' This picture was made within a stone's throw of the U.S. Capitol

“Capital slums to go under new low rent housing program. Washington, D.C., Nov. 30. Now that President Roosevelt has approved the $15,000,000 low rent housing program for the District of Columbia, such slum scenes as this will disappear from the ‘city beautiful.’ This picture was made within a stone’s throw of the U.S. Capitol 1938.”

Library of Congress

President Roosevelt approves D.C. low rent housing program. Capital slums to go. Washington, D.C., Nov. 30. President Roosevelt's approval of the $15,000,000 low rent housing program for the District of Columbia means that slum sections, such as this one showing the House Office Building in the background, will disappear from the nation's Capital

“President Roosevelt approves D.C. low rent housing program. Capital slums to go. Washington, D.C., Nov. 30. President Roosevelt’s approval of the $15,000,000 low rent housing program for the District of Columbia means that slum sections, such as this one showing the House Office Building in the background, will disappear from the nation’s Capital.”

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Mounted police

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Mounted police.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Coming up the stairway to a Negro's home. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Coming up the stairway to a Negro’s home. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Back view of a Negro's home. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Back view of a Negro’s home. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Looking over slum houses. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Looking over slum houses. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residential fronts. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth project

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residential fronts. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Seven Negro families live in this di lapidated house. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Seven Negro families live in this di lapidated house. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Typical Negro residence. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Alley in a Negro neighborhood. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Alley in a Negro neighborhood. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro father playing with baby daughter. Old style burner in the foreground. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro father playing with baby daughter. Old style burner in the foreground. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro baby in a crib. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro baby in a crib. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project 1942.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro doing embroidery work in her bedroom. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro doing embroidery work in her bedroom. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. A typical Negro worker's family. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. A typical Negro worker’s family. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Negro family at dinner. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Negro family at dinner. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Bathroom of a Negro family. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Bathroom of a Negro family. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project’

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. This man worked at Ford factory but was unable to live in a decent place until Sojourner Truth homes were open for occupancy

“Detroit, Michigan. This man worked at Ford factory but was unable to live in a decent place until Sojourner Truth homes were open for occupancy.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Interior of a bathroom, with a Negro boy washing his hands. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Interior of a bathroom, with a Negro boy washing his hands. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Looking towards downtown from the slum area in the early morning. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Looking towards downtown from the slum area in the early morning. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Looking towards downtown from the slum area. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Looking towards downtown from the slum area. These are conditions under which families originally lived before moving to the Sojourner Truth housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Multiple unit at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Multiple unit at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. The Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. The Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Various units of the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Various units of the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project

“Detroit, Michigan. Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project.”

Library of Congress

New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project

“New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project.”

Library of Congress

Better housing The solution to infant mortality in the slums /

“Poster promoting better housing as a solution for high rates of infant mortality in the slums, showing a blueprint of new housing next to existing tenement buildings over which stands the figure of Death.”

Library of Congress

New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project

“New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project.”

Library of Congress

New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project

“New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project.”

Library of Congress

New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Blocks of slum area are torn down for housing project

“New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Blocks of slum area are torn down for housing project.”

Library of Congress

New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project

“New York, New York. Demolition for slum clearance. Whole blocks of a slum area are torn down to make room for a housing project.”

Library of Congress

[Harriet Tubman, full-length portrait, seated in chair, facing front, probably at her home in Auburn, New York]

“Harriet Tubman, full-length portrait, seated in chair, facing front, probably at her home in Auburn, New York.”

Library of Congress

[Harriet Tubman, full-length portrait, standing with hands on back of a chair]

“Harriet Tubman, full-length portrait, standing with hands on back of a chair.”

Library of Congress

Interior view of Harriet Tubman Room, view facing north - Mission Turn Hall, 3543 Eighteenth Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

“Interior view of Harriet Tubman Room, view facing north – Mission Turn Hall, 3543 Eighteenth Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA.”

Library of Congress

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