Buffalo Soldiers, African American Baseball Team, Slaves, Plantations, Naval Vessels, Pictures in General of African Americans: Primary Sources: Photographs Between 1870 and 1880

Primary Sources on Buffalo Soldiers

By

Terri Mae Owens

Charleston, South Carolina

“Buffalo Soldiers a Name given to the Negro Calvary by the Native American Tribes They Fought.”

[Half-length portrait of an African American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier]

“Half-length portrait of an African American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier] / Mosser & Snell, Traveling Photographic Art Gallery, Cantonment, Ind. Terr.”

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[Full length portrait of an African-American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier]

“Full length portrait of an African-American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier] / Mosser & Snell, Traveling Photographic Art Gallery, Cantonment, Ind. Terr.”

Library of Congress

[Full-length portrait of an African-American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier]

“Full-length portrait of an African-American man, possibly a Buffalo soldier] / Mosser & Snell, Traveling Photographic Art Gallery, Cantonment, Ind. Terr.”

Library of Congress

[Buffalo Soldier, 9th Cavalry, Company D, sharpshooter collar insignia]

“Buffalo Soldier, 9th Cavalry, Company D, sharpshooter collar insignia] / C. C. McBride, Crawford, Nebraska.”

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[Infantry sergeant, Buffalo soldier, with young girl]

“Infantry sergeant, Buffalo soldier, with young girl] / Pollock, Main & Gold Sts., Deadwood, Dakota.”

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[Buffalo soldier in five button sack coat]

“Buffalo soldier in five button sack coat] / J. C. H. Grabill, photographer, Sturgis, Dakota Ter.”

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[Buffalo Soldier, 25th Infantry, Co.]

“Buffalo Soldier, 25th Infantry, Co.] / Goff, photographer, Fort Cust[e]r, Mont.”

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[Buffalo soldier, 25th Infantry, Co. A]

“Buffalo soldier, 25th Infantry, Co. A] / Goff.”

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[Buffalo soldier, full-length portrait, standing, crossed rifles on kepi, ring on pinky finger]

“Buffalo soldier, full-length portrait, standing, crossed rifles on kepi, ring on pinky finger between 1870 and 1880”

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[Buffalo soldier, African American officer, Lt. 1st Infantry, four button sack with crossed rifles and

“Buffalo soldier, African American officer, Lt. 1st Infantry, four button sack with crossed rifles and “1” on kepi] / Staley Bros., photographers and portrait artists, Tullahoma Tenn.”

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Mansion of the rebel Genl. Thomas F. Drayton, Hilton Head, S.C.

“Mansion of the rebel Genl. Thomas F. Drayton, Hilton Head, S.C.’

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Slaves of the rebel Genl. Thomas F. Drayton, Hilton Head, S.C.

“Slaves of the rebel Genl. Thomas F. Drayton, Hilton Head, S.C.”

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[African American baseball team, Danbury, Connecticut]

“African American baseball team, Danbury, Connecticut”

[Young African American woman holding a baby]

Young African American woman holding a baby] / Carvalho, 4 East 14th St., 2 doors from 5th Ave., New York City.”

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Bombproof quarters of Maj. Strong, at Dutch Gap, 16th N.Y. artillery

“Photograph shows two African American soldiers sitting in front of bombproof structure, Dutch Gap, Virginia. Bombproof quarters of Maj. Strong, at Dutch Gap, 16th N.Y. artillery “

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Execution of a Colored soldier

“Photograph shows the execution of William Johnson, 23rd Regiment, United States Colored Troops (USCT), at Petersburg, Va., 1864.”

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[Sergeant in frock coat, Russian knot epaulette, aiguillette]

“Sergeant in frock coat, Russian knot epaulette, aiguillette] / Luke Otis, photographer.1870 and 1890”

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[Three-quarter length portrait of an African American woman posed with book]

“Three-quarter length portrait of an African American woman posed with book] / Bostwick, 98 Sixth Ave., N.Y.”

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[Col. T. W. Higginson, commander of the 1st SC Volunteers (the first African American regiment)]

“Col. T. W. Higginson, commander of the 1st SC Volunteers (the first African American regiment)] / W. Notman. between 1905 and 1911.”

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[Frank M. Welch, Maj. Cmdg 5th Battalion, CNG]

“Frank M. Welch, Maj. Cmdg 5th Battalion, CNG] / Betts, 356 Main St., Bridgeport Conn”

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[Full-length portrait of an African American veteran and GAR member, standing on rug between table and chair]

“Full-length portrait of an African American veteran and GAR member, standing on rug between table and chair] / Nealey, Franklin, Mass.”

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[African American soldier, full-length portrait, wearing GAR medal, standing next to table]

“African American soldier, full-length portrait, wearing GAR medal, standing next to table] / Nephew’s, 493 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C.”

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[World War II, Corporal, 3rd Army patch]

“World War II, Corporal, 3rd Army patch A combat service identification badge embroidered with red, white and blue thread.”

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Slave quarters of Jefferson Davis plantation

“Photograph shows the slave quarters on Brierfield, the Jefferson Davis plantation.”

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[Soldiers marching down street carrying Springfield rifles]

“Soldiers marching down street carrying Springfield rifles.”

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[World War I soldier with American flag in background]

“World War I soldier with American flag in background”

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[World War I Infantry soldiers, standing in front of photographers backdrop]

“World War I Infantry soldiers, standing in front of photographers backdrop”

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[Group portrait of naval personnel including an African American hospital steward]

“Group portrait of naval personnel including an African American hospital steward 1900”

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Colored army teamsters, Cobb Hill, Virginia

“Photograph shows seven African American men, contrabands dressed in old Union uniforms, standing in front of a wagon and old barracks, Bermuda Hundred, Va.”

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[Integrated guard mount, Ft. Niobrara, Nebraska, composed of 8th regiment and 9th cavalry regiment, same formation with other troops, band on parade]

“Integrated guard mount, Ft. Niobrara, Nebraska, composed of 8th regiment and 9th cavalry regiment, same formation with other troops, band on parade”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 2, Landing troops aboard U.S.S. Philippine from lighter in Brest Harbor

“803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 2, Landing troops aboard U.S.S. Philippine from lighter in Brest Harbor”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 3, 803rd P. Inf. Band

“Photograph shows soldiers gathered around the 803rd Infantry band on the deck of the U.S.S Philippine, during voyage back to the United States from Brest, France, 1919.”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 14, Bugler's blues

“Photograph shows soldiers gathered around the band, on the U.S.S Philippine, during return voyage to the United States, from Brest, France, 1919.”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 27, Waiting to sight land (only 10 days more)

“Photograph shows soldiers gathered on the deck of the U.S.S Philippine during voyage back to the United States from Brest, France, 1919.”

Library of Congress

[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 29

“Photograph shows soldiers sitting near cargo crates on the deck of the U.S.S. Philippine, during tranport back to the United States, 1919.  803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 29 “

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 32

‘803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 32.  Photograph shows soldiers on the U.S.S. Philippine, standing near lifeboats awaiting transport back to the United States, July 18, 1919.”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 34

“803rd Pioneer Infantry on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 34.   Photograph shows soldiers on deck of ship with gang plank extending from dock to ship, before transport back to the United States, 1919.”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 2[...], Sun bath, U.S.S. Philippine

“803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 2[…], Sun bath, U.S.S. Philippine.”

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.[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. U.S.S. Philippine

“Photograph shows the U.S.S. Philippine at Brest harbor, France, awaiting transport of troops back to the United States 1919. 803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. U.S.S. Philippine.”

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[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 29

“Photograph shows African American soldiers lounging on the deck of the U.S.S. Philippine on their return to the United States from Brest, France, 1919.”

Library of Congress

[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919] no. 15, Part of 4000 troops on U.S.S. Philippine

“Photograph shows soldiers and military band on the deck of the U.S.S. Philippine during their return trip to the United States from Brest, France, 1919. 803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship), from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919] no. 15, Part of 4000 troops on U.S.S. Philippine.”

Library of Congress

[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]

“Photograph shows ships at sea, presumably taken aboard the U.S.S. Philippine, as World War I troops were returning to the United States, 1919.”

Library of Congress

[803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 4, U.S.S. Imperator (one of the largest ships afloat) taken from the U.S.S. Philippine at Brest

“803rd Pioneer Infantry Battalion on the U.S.S. Philippine (troop ship) from Brest harbor, France, July 18, 1919]. no. 4, U.S.S. Imperator (one of the largest ships afloat) taken from the U.S.S. Philippine at Brest.”

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Signal Station, Hilton Head, South Carolina, 1863

“Signal Station, Hilton Head, South Carolina, 1863 / photographed and for sale by H. P. Moore, Concord, N.[H].”

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[African American soldiers in formation at Camp Meade, Pennsylvania]

“African American soldiers in formation at Camp Meade, Pennsylvania] / J. M. Pattison, photographer.”

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Cooks galley , Co. F, 3D N. H. V., Hilton Head, S. C.

“Photograph shows Company F soldiers at the Camp of the 3rd New Hampshire Volunteers posing at the cook’s galley, including a young African American boy.  Cooks galley , Co. F, 3D N. H. V., Hilton Head, S. C.”

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114th Regimental Reunion, May 30, 1897, Norwich, N. Y.

Photograph shows a group portrait of the 114th Regimental reunion. Cannon, cannonballs, and drums are in foreground. An African American veteran holds the American flag.  114th Regimental Reunion, May 30, 1897, Norwich, N. Y.”

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[Company I, 24th Infantry regiment officers]

“Photograph shows a group portrait of soldiers from the Company I, 24th Infantry regiment in uniform.”

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Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child, five years of age as she appeared when found in slavery. Redeemed in Virginia by Catharine [i.e., Catherine] S. Lawrence; baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church by Henry Ward Beecher, May 1863

“Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child, five years of age as she appeared when found in slavery. Redeemed in Virginia by Catharine [i.e., Catherine] S. Lawrence; baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church by Henry Ward Beecher, May 1863 / photographed by Kellogg Brothers, 279 Main Street, Hartford Conn.”

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Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child, five years of age as she appeared when found in slavery. Redeemed in Virginia by Catharine [i.e., Catherine] S. Lawrence; baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church by Henry Ward Beecher, May 1863

“Fannie Virginia Casseopia Lawrence, a redeemed slave child, five years of age as she appeared when found in slavery. Redeemed in Virginia by Catharine [i.e., Catherine] S. Lawrence; baptized in Brooklyn, at Plymouth Church by Henry Ward Beecher, May 1863 / photographed by Kellogg Brothers, 279 Main Street, Hartford Conn.

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Drayton's negro quarters, Hilton Head, S.C.

“Drayton’s Negro Quarters Hilton Head Island, S. C.”

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Nursery at Elliot's Plantation, Hilton Head, S.C.

“Nursery at Elliot’s Plantation, Hilton Head, S.C.1862”

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Live oak and palmetto tree, Elliot's Hilton Head, S.C.

“Photograph shows two trees and a few men near a cabin or slave quarters, Elliot Plantation. Live oak and palmetto tree, Elliot’s Hilton Head, S.C.”

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Quarters of Emmons & Handerson, Hilton Head, S.C.

“Photograph shows officers George W. Emmons and Henry C. Handerson, sitting in front of a tent at the camp of the 3rd New Hampshire Infantry. Quarters of Emmons & Handerson, Hilton Head, S.C. “

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Seabrook's negro quarters

“Photograph shows an aerial view of the slave quarters at Seabrook’s Plantation.”

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Seabrook's from the wharf

“Photograph shows John E. Seabrook’s house as seen from the docks. Includes a few soldiers in a row boat. Image shows cotton drying on the lawn to the left and right of the house.”

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Seabrook's fish pond

“Photograph shows two Union soldiers and one African American man in a row boat on a pond with bridges and the Seabrook house in the distant background.”

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Century plant 85 years old, Seabrook's Plantation

“Photograph shows two slaves working near a Century (Agave) plant near the waterfront, Seabrook’s Plantation, with soldiers sitting on the dock in the background.”

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Seabrook's flower garden

“Photograph shows an aerial view of Union soldiers and slaves in the Seabrook plantation garden.Mansion of John E. Seabrook, Edisto Island, S.C.   “

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Head Quarters of 1st Mass Cavalry, Edisto Island, S.C.

Photograph shows Union soldiers posed in front of house. Some soldiers are seated in the windows. Head Quarters of 1st Mass Cavalry, Edisto Island, S.C. “

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Gwine to de field, Hopkinson's Plantation, Edisto Island, S.C.

“Gwine to de field, Hopkinson’s Plantation, Edisto Island, S.C. Photograph shows slaves on the Hopkinson plantation, with two boys in a cart pulled by a donkey. 1833-1911.”

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Sweet potato planting, Hopkinson's Plantation

“Sweet potato planting, Hopkinson’s Plantation.   Photograph shows slaves working in the sweet potato fields on the Hopkinson plantation. 1833- 1911

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Mansion of James Hopkinson, Edisto Island, S.C.

“Photograph shows slaves standing in fenced yard and a side view of the Hopkinson house.  Mansion of James Hopkinson, Edisto Island, S.C”

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Incidents of the war, group at Secret Service Department Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Antietam, October 1862

“Incidents of the war, group at Secret Service Department Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Antietam, October 1862.   Photograph shows fourteen men, including Allan and William Pinkerton, and several Union Army officers posed in front of a tent.”

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[Return envelope of the Bureau of the American Freedmen's Aid Union, No. 130 Nassau-Street, New York]

“Return envelope of the Bureau of the American Freedmen’s Aid Union, No. 130 Nassau-Street, New York”

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“Jewels” found at Alexandria, by the Federal Army; consisting of chains, bracelets, and anklets. Supposed to have belonged to the “First Families” of Virginia / S.C. Upham, 310 Chestnut St.”

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[Stamped envelope addressed to Lieut Edwin T. Carrington]

“Envelope addressed to “Lieut. Edwin T. Carrington, 45 Regt. USCT, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Army Corps, Old Point Comfort, Virginia.” Postmark is stamped “Colebrook, CT, Nov 21.” Strikes are drawn through a three-cent US postage stamp.”

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[Stamped envelope addressed to Capt. M. Patterson]

“Envelope is addressed as “Capt. M. Patterson, 19th Reg. USCT, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps, Brownsville, Texas.” Strikes are drawn through a three-cent US postage stamp.”

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[African American man wearing fraternal order collar and apron]

“Photograph shows a full length portrait of an African American man wearing a fraternal order collar and apron. His collar is embroidered with a three links symbol on the left and stars on each side, he holds a sword in his left hand.”

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Alagazam, cake walk, march & two step by Abe Holzmann

“Picture shows African American troops marching with rifles. Used as an illustrated sheet music cover for songs written by Abe Holzmann.  Alagazam, cake walk, march & two step by Abe Holzmann / Chapman, ’02. “

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Jefferson Davis

“Jefferson Davis  Photograph shows a full length portrait of Jefferson Davis, holding his hat in hand. Verso image shows the slave quarters on his plantation.”

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[Wounded colored soldiers at Aikens Landing]

“Wounded colored soldiers at Aikens Landing”

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[Buffalo soldiers of the 25th Infantry, some wearing buffalo robes, Ft. Keogh, Montana]

“Buffalo soldiers of the 25th Infantry, some wearing buffalo robes, Ft. Keogh, Montana] / Chr. Barthelmess, photographer, Fort Keogh, Montana. “

Notes:

  • “#5. Some of the coons that are in camp at Keogh taken Sunday morning, Dec. 14th ’90” handwritten inscription in red ink on back.
  • Purchase; William A. Gladstone; 1995; (PR 13 CN 1995:113.274)

  “

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