“In Memory of Fred Hampton, In Protest of the Killings of Trayvon Martin, Timir Rice, Eric Gardner, Michael Brown, Walter Scott, and Freddie Gray

Michael Brown
 “Hands Up Don’t Shoot”
 Eric Gardner
“I Can’t Breathe”

 

This Site Is Developed For Educational Purposes As A Database For Researchers

    

By Terri Mae Owens

Rutgers University Graduate BA History/Political Science

2011

“There is no better than adversity. Every defeat, every heartbreak, every loss, contains its own seed, its own lesson on how to improve your performance the next time.”

Malcolm X 

1960’s

“On July 16, 1964, a white off-duty New York City police lieutenant fatally shot a black ninth-grader in Harlem on allegations that the teenager had a knife and was lunging at the officer.”

“While details of exactly what happened that day are still hotly contested and debated, it would seem that the incident was racially motivated.”

http://www.mintpressnews.com/50-years-after-harlem-riot-police-brutality-still-a-concern/193959/

The fatal shooting of Powell stirred Negro rioters to race through Harlem streets carrying pictures of Lt. Gilligan

“The Fatal Shooting of Powell Stirred Negro Rioters To Race Through Harlem Streets Carrying Pictures of Lt. Gilligan”

Library of Congress

“A black student, 15 year old James Powell, shot by an off-duty Police Officer on July 16, 1964 sparked several days of rioting in Harlem, New York. The violence and demands from Civil Rights leaders that the city act to protect the Negroes, prompted the mayor’s office to order a study of complaints of police brutality.”

http://iht-retrospective.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/07/20/1964-harlem-riots-flare-anew-2-negroes-shot/?_r=0

Incident at 133rd St. and Seventh Ave. last night as Harlem was torn by disorder for second time

“Incident at 133rd St. and Seventh Ave. last night as Harlem was torn by disorder for second time / World Telegram & Sun photo by Dick De Marsico.”

Library of Congress

Part of crowd in Harlem chants and taunts police on Lenox Ave. last night

“Part of crowd in Harlem chants and taunts police on Lenox Avenue last night / World Telegram & Sun photo by Stanley Wolfson. 1964”

Library of Congress

b&w film copy neg.

Atlanta policeman drags African American high school student Taylor Washington to paddy wagon during demonstration against restaurant segregation, Atlanta, Georgia

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Police officers removing sit-down strikers from the Yale and Towne Manufacturing plant

“Detroit, Michigan. Police officers removing sit-down strikers from the Yale and Towne Manufacturing plant”

Library of Congress

“Demonstrators, marching in a downtown area, with flags and placards in support of the war in Vietnam, police on horseback in background”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Mounted police and whites

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Mounted police and whites  1942”

Library of Congress

Pennsylvania motor police on duty at the King Farm during the strike of workers against seventeen cents an hour wages. Near Morrisville, Pennsylvania

“Pennsylvania motor police on duty at the King Farm during the strike of workers against seventeen cents an hour wages. Near Morrisville, Pennsylvania”

“Library of Congress”

Policeman confronts a group at Seventh Ave. and 126th St. during renewed violence in Harlem

“Policeman confronts a group at Seventh Ave. and 126th St. during renewed violence in Harlem / World Telegram & Sun photo by Dick De Marsico.”

Library of Congress

Washington, D.C. Auxiliary police at a weekly meeting

“Washington, D.C. Auxiliary police at a weekly meeting”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Moving vans convoyed by police department moving Negroes' furniture into Sojourner Truth

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Moving vans convoyed by police department moving Negroes’ furniture into Sojourner Truth 1942”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Furniture vans under police convoy

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Furniture vans under police convoy 1942.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Back view of typical newspaper photographer

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard troops carrying mess kits”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard troops carrying mess kits

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard troops carrying mess kits”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Rioting at the Sojourner Truth housing project

Detroit, Michigan. Rioting at the Sojourner Truth housing project

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Police arresting a Negro

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Police arresting a Negro  1942”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Arrested white real estate operator who had been inciting the riot

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Arrested white real estate operator who had been inciting the riot 1942.”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard soldiers on duty

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Home guard soldiers on duty’ 1942”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. First Negro family moving into Sojourner Truth home

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. First Negro family moving into Sojourner Truth home  1942”

Library of Congress

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. First Negro family moving into Sojourner Truth homes”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Police arresting a Negro

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Police arresting a Negro”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White picket line

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White picket line”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.Sn federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Sign with American flag

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.Sn federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Sign with American flag “We want white tenants in our white community,” directly opposite the housing project 1942″

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White pickets

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. White pickets”

Library of Congress

Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors' attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Back view of typical newspaper photographer

“Detroit, Michigan. Riot at the Sojourner Truth homes, a new U.S. federal housing project, caused by white neighbors’ attempt to prevent Negro tenants from moving in. Back view of typical newspaper photographer 1942”

Library of Congress

Black Panther Convention, Lincoln Memorial

“Black Panther Convention, Lincoln Memorial. Photograph showing a man on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial holding a banner for the Revolutionary People’s Constitutional Convention; statue of Lincoln in the background.”

Library of Congress

Black Panther Convention, Lincoln Memorial

“Black Panther Convention, Lincoln Memorial 1970′

Library of Congress

Hillary Clinton: “There Is Something Profoundly Wrong In Our Criminal Justice System”

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/04/the-mysterious-death-of-freddie-gray/391119/

http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/crime/blog/bs-md-freddie-gray-20150419-story.html#page=1

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/27/freddie-gray-funeral_n_7150750.html

President Obama Speech on Baltimore Riots

  4/29/15

Nina Simone
“Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood 1964”

“There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children.”

Nelson Mandela

 Bryan Stevenson

“We have shot, hanged, gassed, electrocuted, and lethally injected hundreds of people to carry out legally sanctioned executions. Thousands more await their execution on death row.” Stevens, 15.

“Some states have no minimum age for prosecuting children as adults; we’ve sent a quarter million kids to adult jails and prisons to serve long prison terms, some under the age of twelve.  For years we’ve been the only country in the world that condemns children to life in prison without parole; nearly three thousand juveniles have been sentenced to die in prison.”

Bryan Stevenson, “Just Mercy: A Story of Mercy and Redemption” p. 15

“To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity.”

Nelson Mandela

Bryan Stevenson

“My work with the poor and the incarcerated has persuaded me that the opposite of poverty is not wealth.  The opposite of poverty is justice.  Finally, I’ve come to believe that the true measure of our commitment to justice, the character of our society, our commitment to the rule of law, fairness, and equality cannot be measured by how we treat the rich, the powerful, the privileged, and the respected among us.  The true measure of our character is how we treat the poor, the disfavored, the accused, the incarcerated, and the condemned.”

Bryan Stevenson, “Just Mercy: A Story of Justice and Redemption” p. 18

“For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedoms of others.”

Nelson Mandela

Over 50 Years Later

2015

Bryan Stevenson

Bryan Stevenson is an attorney, a professor of law at New York University Law School, and the Executive Director of the Equal Justice Initiative, in Montgomery Alabama.  He advocates for and he fights for the dignity and legal rights of the poor and incarcerated.

His opinion, concerning the police shooting of Michael Brown, in Ferguson Missouri, was solicited. His response can be viewed below.

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=GqdpSpfWtEQ

Police Harassment

“People respond in accordance to how you relate to them.  If you approach them on the basis of violence, that’s how they’ll react.  But if you say “We want peace, we want stability, we can then do a lot of things that will contribute towards the progress of our society.”

Nelson Mandela

Berkeley Students Respond to Eric Gardner Verdict

Riots After Martin Luther King Assassination

“There is No passion to be found in playing small – in settling for a life  that is less than the one you are capable of living.”

Nelson Mandela

“Our human compassion binds us the one to the other – not in pity or patronizingly, but as human beings who have learned how to turn our common suffering into hope for the future.”

Nelson Mandela

“We are all Implicated when we allow others to be mistreated”
Bryan Stevenson
Protests in New York Eric Gardner/Michael Brown

Miami Protest Eric Gardner/Michael Brown Verdicts

Protest in Atlanta

North Carolina Protests Eric Gardner

“I do not deny that I planned sabotage. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness nor because I have any love of violence.  I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by the whites.”

Nelson Mandela

RGB – Like It Is With Gil Noble

Assata Shakur

Eyes Of The Rainbow – a documentary film with Assata Shakur

Democracy Now

Assata Shakur

http://www.democracynow.org/2013/5/3/assata_shakur_in_her_own_words?autostart=true&get_clicky_key=suggested_related

http://marklewistaylor.net/blog/assata-shakur-challenge-to-new-jersey-politics/

Marilyn Mosby

“No One Is Above The Law”

Marilyn Mosby

“Flashback: A Look Back at the Church Committee’s Investigation into CIA, FBI Misuse of Power”

DEMOCRACY NOW!

http://www.democracynow.org/2009/4/24/flashback_a_look_back_at_the

Assata Shakur: What Does New U.S.-Cuba Pact Mean for Exiled Black Panther Wanted in New Jersey?

http://www.democracynow.org/2014/12/19/assata_shakur_what_does_new_us

2PAC SHAKUR – DEAR MAMA

Fred Hampton Assassination
Nina Simone
“Revolution”
“There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile to keep talking about peace and non-violence against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenseless people.”

Nelson Mandela

Historically, blacks were never looking for violence, but black lives mattered and they were forced to protect the lives of black people.

“We pledge ourselves to liberate all our people from the continuing bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering, gender and other discrimination.”

Nelson Mandela

 

After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.

Nelson Mandela


Eric Gardner

Red Stains On Blue Uniforms

In Memory of Walter Scott

North Charleston, South Carolina

Walter Scott was shot in the back while fleeing North Charleston Police Officer Michael Slager, on April 8, 2015, who fired eight rounds of bullets at Scott’s fleeing body.  Five of the bullets hit Scott and killed him.

Unlike the incidents surrounding the killing of Michael Brown, Ferguson, Missouri; North Charleston Mayor Keith Summey and North Charleston Police Chief, Eddie Driggers immediately denounced the actions of Officer Slager.

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/08/398324292/-i-was-sickened-by-what–saw-police-chief-says-of-s-c-shooting

 

http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/walter-scott-shooting/north-charleston-police-chief-walter-scott-shooting-i-was-sickened-n337941

https://video.search.yahoo.com/video/play;_ylt=A0LEVjaQDypVSoYAkUQnnIlQ;_ylu=X3oDMTBsa3ZzMnBvBHNlYwNzYwRjb2xvA2JmMQR2dGlkAw-

http://www.counton2.com/story/28779913/community-organizers-held-a-peaceful-march-saturday

http://abcnews.go.com/US/walter-scott-death-leaves-unanswered-questions-sc-police/story?id=30224199

http://www.sacbee.com/news/nation-world/article18256391.html

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/09/michael-slager-excessive-force_n_7032212.html

Riots in Baltimore

Freddy Gray

 

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